Pregnant at more than 40 years is different from being pregnant at a young age. This is because, in their 40s, pregnant women tend to be more sensitive to pregnancy problems and complications. Therefore, they should know what are the risks and how to avoid miscarriage for 40s pregnant women.
This is because pregnant in the ’40s, maternal fertility and decreased body vitality. Therefore, before deciding to get pregnant in old age, you should find out what are the risks of getting pregnant in your 40s. You should do this to maintain and pay attention to pregnancy.
Risks of Pregnancy For 40s Pregnant Women
Although it is risky, it does not mean that pregnant women in their 40s cannot give birth to healthy children. As long as you know about the risks of getting pregnant in old age and how to prevent it, you can still give birth without problems.
The risk of getting pregnant in your 40s is that you can experience health problems. For example, high blood pressure, diabetes, placenta previa, to preeclampsia. In the fetus, there will be a risk of birth with low birth weight. In addition, preterm birth and abnormalities in the chromosomes or fetal genetics.
The main risk when pregnant in your 40s is the risk of miscarriage. Moreover, if the gestational age is under 4 months, or in the first trimester. Therefore, it is important for you to know how to avoid miscarriage for 40s pregnant women.
How To Avoid Miscarriage For 40s Pregnant Women
As you know, being pregnant in your 40s also increases the risk of miscarriage. This is certainly a focus that must be considered for the health of the baby and also the mother. The following is how to avoid miscarriage for 40s pregnant women that you should do:
1. Do A Pregnancy Check Up Regularly
Some women feel worried when they are pregnant in their 40s. In fact, these concerns could have an impact on her pregnancy. Therefore, to overcome anxiety, you need to have a pregnancy check-up regularly.
This way you do to monitor the condition of your health and the fetus. So, check the pregnancy regularly can detect the possibility of abnormalities in the fetus.
When controlling pregnancy regularly, you can discuss with your doctor about the birth plan you are going to take. In addition, you can also discuss what things you can do to minimize the risk of pregnancy in your 40s.
2. Do The Pregnancy Test
How to avoid miscarriage for 40s pregnant women is by doing the pregnancy test. This is because by doing various pregnancy tests, you can find out how your condition and also the fetus. Diagnostic tests that you can do, for example, the Chorionic Villus Sampling (CVS) test.
This test is to provide information about the chromosomes of the baby you are carrying. In addition, this test is conducted to determine the risk of chromosomal abnormalities that can occur. The pregnancy test can also reduce the risk of miscarriage and stillbirth.
3. Maintain Weight Gain
You should maintain weight gain to prevent excess weight gain (obesity). This is because obesity can cause gestational diabetes in pregnant women. Gestational diabetes is very dangerous and can cause miscarriage and even death.
For pregnant women, weight gain should be between 11kg – 15 kg (for women of normal weight). Whereas for women whose weight is above the average weight gain it should be 6kg – 11kg. How to maintain weight gain is to follow a healthy lifestyle during pregnancy.
4. Implement a Healthy Lifestyle
How to avoid miscarriage for 40s pregnant women is by implementing a healthy lifestyle. For example, avoiding the use of illegal drugs, cigarettes, and alcohol. In fact, pregnant women should not take drugs carelessly.
Pregnant women in their 40s are also advised to eat nutritious foods. Especially foods that are high in folic acid, calcium, and iron. A healthy lifestyle can also be a routine exercise.
Sports that you can do are pregnant yoga, swimming, walking, and pregnancy exercises. In addition, pregnant women in their 40s should also be able to manage stress by doing relaxing activities that you enjoy.
5. Consuming Folic Acid
Pregnant women in their 40s must consume folic acid because folic acid functions to grow new cells in the body. While the growth of new cells in the body will slow down in their 40s. Folic acid is also useful for preventing neural tube defects in the fetus and preventing miscarriage.
For mothers, folic acid is useful to reduce the risk of preeclampsia and prevent anemia. The amount of folic acid intake that you should consume is around 400 micrograms per day. You can get folic acid by eating spinach, broccoli, animal liver, asparagus, or folic acid supplements.
How to avoid miscarriage for 40s pregnant women is not really complicated. However, you must recognize what are the risks of pregnancy in your 40s. In addition, you also need to know what you have to do to avoid the risk of miscarriage.